Ecology and environmental protection
Ecology is a science that studies the laws of nature, the interaction of living organisms with the environment, the foundations of which were laid by Ernst Haeckel in 1866. However, people were interested in the secrets of nature since ancient times, had a careful relationship to it. There are hundreds of concepts of the term “ecology”; at different times, scientists gave their definitions of ecology. The word itself consists of two particles, from Greek “oikos” is translated as a house, and “logos” – as a doctrine.
With the development of technological progress, the environment began to deteriorate, which attracted the attention of the world community. People noticed that the air became polluted, species of animals and plants disappear, water in the rivers worsens. These and many other phenomena have been given the name environmental problems.